In this year’s 2020, the second decade from the turn of the century in Beijing the Capital of China also the People’s Republic of China, in which is also the year of the rat, marking its six hundred years anniversary of the Forbidden city that marks the transitional point of in between the middle of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) transitionally from Nanjing to Beijing towards the Qing Dynasty (1636-1644-1911) …. The Imperial Palace seen so many countless seasonally transitional equinoxes but further its six hundred years is iconic, but it’s five hundred ninety nine years it marks it Autumn Equinox…. In which it only took twelve years to build the same of the Daming Palace of The Tang Dynasty Xian Imperial Capital only it was least twenty times larger……

宁寿宫 The Palace Of Tranquil Longevity – Ningshou Palace was built-1776…..The Emperor Qianlong, who has passed his wise senior years, regarded himself as fulfilling his merits and fulfilled his failures. After his grandfather Kangxi reigned in 61 years, he decided to build the palace of the Supreme Emperor in order to survive after his abdication. In Qianlong’s mind, this Taishang Palace should have all the functions of court greetings, sleeping quarters, worshipping the gods, amusement, and watching the drama in terms of architectural configuration, and it should also include the rare treasures and intoxicating beauty seen in the south of the Yangtze River. . As a result, the Ningshou Palace, which was finally completed in the 41st year of Qianlong (1776), showed Emperor Qianlong’s desire for a leisurely life after returning to power, while also hiding his spiritual sustenance as a literati emperor…..

Located in the Forbidden City in the Area Inner Court Outer East Road within of the Palace Museum Imperial City Complex … Emperor Qianlong located Huangji temple, the Qing Emperor Kangxi twenty-eight years (1689). It was originally the apse of Ningshou Palace. From the 37th year of Qianlong (1772) to the 41st year (1776), the front hall was built as Huangji Hall, and the original plaque was moved to the apse. Palace”.

The Ningshou Palace is built on a single-layer stone platform, which is connected to the Huangji Hall, surrounded by low walls of ventilating lanterns surrounded by yellow and green glazed bricks. The palace has 7 rooms wide and 3 rooms deep , with single eaves and Xieshan roof . Between the pillars and pillars of the eaves, there is a hollow Yunlong ring, underneath the Yunlong bird , all decorated with sturdy gold , magnificent and magnificent. The interior and exterior eaves decoration , interior partitions and furnishings are all imitating Kunning Palace . The door is opened in the east room, two light panel doors are placed, the upper is a double cross four bowls of Liangzi , the left and right sides of the door are built with sill walls, and the upper and lower windows are erected . The rest are sill walls and mullioned windows. The upper part of each room has four bowls and three horizontal windows. Ming eaves, between times for the door, each door double cross four bowls Ryoka Ge fan four, between the walls of each I. Indoor ceiling bats round longevity smallpox . There is a small room on the back eaves of the Yingmen, with a built-in cooking pot stove. West side of the three open out, Ann Muta Taikang with shamanism tablets and Dance with musical instruments, Is the place of worship. The two rooms on the east side are connected to form a bedroom, with a fairy building on the back eaves , and a door on the east mountain wall, which can pass through the room. The buildings on both sides of Ningshou Palace and the south corner are connected to the east and west two buildings. The two buildings have 9 each, and both open the doors in the third and sixth buildings in the south. There is a square brick chimney on the left and right of the back of the palace, with a copper roof, which is used for the stove and indoor flue of Ningshou Palace. The reconstructed Ningshou Palace has become another important building in the Forbidden City that reflects Manchu customs besides Kunning Palace .
Emperor Qianlong’s “Ningshou Palace Inscription” added: “The Qingning Palace is called Qingning Palace at the rear of the Shengjing Dazheng Palace, where the ancestors worshipped the gods. The Kunning Palace, the back hall of the Qianqing Palace , has worshipped the gods, just like the Qingning Palace system, and it still follows the old chapter. When Yu returned to power, he moved the gods and poles of the Kunning Palace to the Ningshou Palace. According to the present ceremony of worshipping the gods.” It explained the reason for the transformation of Ningshou Palace.
Ningshou Palace was originally painted by dragon, phoenix and seal . During the reign of Guangxu, the Empress Dowager Cixi once lived in Ningshou Palace, so she changed the outer eaves and enclosing corridor to Su style paintings, losing her solemn style. After being renovated in 1979, the style and features of the Qianlong period were restored.
It is now the cultural relic’s showroom of the Palace Museum.

区域:内廷外东路

  宁寿宫位于皇极殿后,建于清康熙二十八年(1689年)。初为宁寿宫后殿,乾隆三十七年(1772年)至四十一年(1776年)将前殿建为皇极殿,原匾额移至后殿,遂改称后殿为“宁寿宫”。
宁寿宫建于单层石台基之上,台与皇极殿相接,四周以黄绿琉璃砖围砌透风灯笼矮墙。宫面阔7间,进深3间,单檐歇山式顶。檐廊柱枋间为镂空云龙套环,枋下云龙雀替,皆饰浑金,堂皇富丽。内外檐装修及室内间隔、陈设皆仿坤宁宫。东次间开门,置光面板门两扇,上为双交四椀亮子,门左右下砌槛墙,上安直棂吊搭窗。余各间均为槛墙、直棂吊搭窗。每间上部各安双交四椀横披窗3扇。后檐明、次间为门,每道门双交四椀菱花槅扇4扇,余各间砌墙。室内吊顶镞花蝙蝠圆寿字天花。迎门一间后檐设一小室,内置煮肉锅灶。西侧3间敞通,安木榻大炕,设有萨满教神位及跳神用法器,为祭祀之所。东侧两间相连为卧室,后檐设仙楼,东山墙辟门,可通庑房。宁寿宫两侧建庑房及南转角与东西两庑相连,两庑各9间,均于南数第3、6间开门。殿后左右各有一座砖砌的方形烟囱,上安铜顶,为宁寿宫灶房及室内烟道所用。改建后的宁寿宫成为紫禁城内除坤宁宫以外的另一处体现满族风俗的重要建筑。
乾隆皇帝《宁寿宫铭》补记称:“盛京大政殿后曰清宁宫,祖宗时祀神之所,祭毕,召王公大臣进内食祭肉。国初定鼎燕京,则于乾清宫后殿坤宁宫行祀神礼,一如清宁宫之制,至今仍循旧章。余将来归政时,自当移坤宁宫所奉之神位、神竿于宁寿宫,仍依现在祀神之礼。”说明了宁寿宫改造的原因。
宁寿宫原为龙凤和玺彩画。光绪年间,慈禧太后曾一度住在宁寿宫,遂将外檐围廊改为苏式彩画,失去了庄严的风格。1979年重新修缮后,恢复了乾隆时期的风貌。
现为故宫博物院文物陈列室。

紫禁城建成六百年图录——1776年:建成宁寿宫】紫禁城建成600年 悦读故宫# 已过耳顺之年的乾隆帝自视功德圆满,为履行他不超过祖父康熙帝61年在位时间的诺言,决定在宫中建造太上皇宫殿,以期退位后颐养天年。在乾隆帝的心目中,这一太上皇宫在建筑配置方面应当具备朝贺、寝居、敬神、游乐、赏戏等全部功能,并且还要囊括此前下江南所见的奇珍异宝与醉人美景。于是,最终于乾隆四十一年(1776年)落成的宁寿全宫,展现了乾隆帝对归政后闲适生活的企盼,同时也潜藏着他作为一个文人天子的精神寄托。

Imagines credit are of the Forbidden city –Imperial Palace –Beijing – China- People’s Republic of China

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