In this year’s 2021, the second decade from the turn of the century in Beijing the Capital of China also the People’s Republic of China, in which is also the year of the OX, marking its six hundred and one year’s anniversary of the Forbidden city that marks the transitional point of in between the middle of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) transitionally from Nanjing to Beijing towards the Qing Dynasty (1636-1644-1911) …. The Imperial Palace seen so many countless seasonally transitional equinoxes but further its six hundred years is iconic, but it’s five hundred ninety nine years it marks it Autumn Equinox…. In which it only took twelve years to build the same of the Daming Palace of The Tang Dynasty Xian Imperial Capital only it was least twenty times larger..
In which during the time of the Ming Dynasty Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) transitionally from Nanjing to Beijing there’s are many variations of the Forbidden City complexes each have similarities in architectural Design Heritages in all cases the share the same philosophy of havening the central axis in which the city is fixed towards the Northern Pole Star BeiDou – Polaris in which helps to find North as the compass points as the remaining Beijing Forbidden City designed out with all the astronomical compass points …
How many “forbidden cities” are there in China? There are Several. And their similarities and differences are shedding light on ancient mysteries as excavations uncover them…..For centuries, the Forbidden City, officially known as the Palace Museum today, has stood in the heart of Beijing and witnessed the rise and fall of dynastic power and the nation’s ongoing rejuvenation….. in a which the several sites have the same average characteristics of This roughly 720,000-square-meter compound that served as the imperial palace from 1420 to 1911 is also the world’s largest surviving palatial complex…… But the prequel to this architectural splendour, hidden about 1,000 kilometers away in Fengyang county, Anhui province, is much lesser known worldwide, although it was inscribed on the list of key heritage sites under national-level protection as early as 1982.
The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Zhongdu (literally, the central capital) site could be thought of as “the Forbidden City mark one the first one” the second one in Beijing Forbidden City complex is Mark two.. The 840,000-square-meter imperial city in Zhongdu is slightly bigger than its younger cousin in Beijing. Its construction began in 1369, one year after the Ming Dynasty’s founding.
Soon after Zhu Yuanzhang, who was once a poor peasant toppled the ethnic Mongolian Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) in China and built up his own empire, he decided to make his hometown the national capital.
An ambitious urban-infrastructure project began, and the emperor later bestowed the auspicious name Fengyang (literally, a rising sun like a flying phoenix) upon his home county. The Zhongdu Forbidden city archaeologist from the Palace Museum in charge of the excavation says a much larger outer city was then planned around the palatial section.
Archaeological investigation shows the city could cover 50 square kilometers, including military facilities, temples, mausoleums and nobles’ residential areas in addition to the palatial compound…. Among the investigations have covered most areas within the Zhongdu Forbidden City, and we know the layouts of its major buildings, roads and waterways……
More other similarities among the palace compounds in Zhongdu and Beijing may become apparent as excavations of the greater area around Zhongdu proceed.
For instance, there’s a hill to the north of the palatial city of Zhongdu. Likewise, Jingshan Hill is just across the road from the northern exit of the Palace Museum today. Jingshan Hill was created from earth piled up while digging the moats surrounding the Forbidden City.
The Zhongdu site hosts counterparts of Beijing’s Forbidden City’s major outer city gates-the Eastern Prosperity Gate, the Western Prosperity Gate, the Meridian Gate and others.
And an area by the southern entrance of Zhongdu’s imperial city was cleaned up in 2018, unveiling Chengtianmen (the Gate of Accepting the Heavenly Mandate)…. There’s a similar structure in Beijing, which was renamed Tian’anmen (the Gate of Heavenly Peace) in 1651….Some local legends say there were “five dragon bridges” underground in the area, but Wu’s team found seven.The bridges also have famous counterparts in front of Tian’anmen, known as Jinshuiqiao.
Though information about Zhongdu’s city gates is clearly recorded in history, detailed information about its inner palaces is vague….. archaeological team has dug deeply in the core of the palatial city to further scrutinize connections between Zhongdu and Beijing’s Forbidden City.
The ongoing excavation is on the ruins of Zhongdu’s “Number One Palace”. Although no hints have been found to its specific historical name, its location is presumably on par with the “three great halls” in its Beijing counterpart.
The so-called “three great halls “on the axis of the Forbidden City’s outer section include the Hall of Supreme Harmony, the Hall of Central Harmony and the Hall of Preserving Harmony. The first hall is the highest-status structure in the Forbidden City. It was only used for the most important ceremonies during the imperial era.
“We’ve figured out the basic H-shaped layout of (Zhongdu’s) palace grounds, which is similar to the Forbidden City,”
A firewall stands at the same location in the Forbidden City, but Wu explains that the wall was added during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and the original layout during Ming Dynasty matched this new finding in Zhongdu.
However, there doesn’t seem to be a Forbidden City equivalent to a wall with three gates 20 meters north of Zhongdu’s “No 1 Palace”.
And even more confusing is that no structure similar to the Hall of Central Harmony has been discovered in Zhongdu.
Nanjing, which is today’s capital of Jiangsu province, became the emperor’s alternative as the national capital.
Zhu Yuanzhang ordered builders to prioritize stability instead of luxury in his “Forbidden City 2.0” there. His son, Zhu Di, the third Ming emperor, inherited that principle. Zhu Di, who previously resided in Beijing as a prince, won a civil war in 1402 and moved the national capital to his home city.
After massive construction starting from 1417 and lasting for three years, the “Forbidden City Mark Three” in Beijing was finished, and the city became the Ming capital a year later.
However, its predecessors, including the abandoned one in Fengyang and the completed one in Nanjing, both crumbled in the following centuries, as continuous wars and social upheavals destroyed most aboveground structures…..
A summary of the three capitals of the Forbidden City in Beijing, the Forbidden City in Nanjing and the imperial city of the Ming Dynasty in the Ming Dynasty.
The reconstruction of the Nanjing Forbidden City is for reference only. It is estimated based on the actual Wuchao Gate, East and West Hua Gate and the remains of the three major halls. In order to prevent the impact on the surrounding sensitive areas, the background of the Forbidden City in Nanjing is blurred here.
1. The perspective of Zhengyangmen Wengcheng.
2. View from Tiananmen Square.
3. Jingshan perspective.
4. Hongwumen, the capital of the Ming Dynasty.
5.Daming Gate in the middle of the Ming Dynasty.
6.The ancient city of the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty.
7. The reconstruction of the Daming Gate area of the Forbidden City in Nanjing.
8. Modeling and restoration of Chengtian Gate of the Forbidden City in Nanjing.
9. Modeling and restoration of the Palace City of the Forbidden City in Nanjing.
The Three Palaces in the Ming Dynasty had a great influence on the space of the city, but due to historical reasons, only the Forbidden City in Beijing has survived, and the Forbidden City in Nanjing and Fengyang have been greatly damaged, and it is even difficult to explore many forms of organization. Here is a comparison of the Sannomiya. I hope everyone will pay more attention to the cultural heritage of Fengyang and Nanjing. It is very difficult for some sites to survive. I hope you will visit more.
Imagines visuals credit are from the Forbidden city –Imperial Palace –Beijing – China- People’s Republic of China… also from their respectives