天壇 The Temple of Heaven In winter- Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing…….the Temple of Heaven Park is full of a peaceful atmosphere. The sun is rising, and the sky is full of purple clouds. Between the clouds and clouds, the morning glow spreads over the earth. The glazed tiles of the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest shone with stars and stars under the rays of the sun, as if the beauty of the Heavenly Palace had fallen into the world. Beijing turns out to be so beautiful
The Temple of Heaven Park is located in the south of Beijing, on the east side of Yongdingmen Inner Street in Dongcheng District. It covers an area of about 2.73 million square meters. The Temple of Heaven was built in the eighteenth year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1420), and was rebuilt during the reign of Emperor Qianlong and Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty. It is now a world cultural heritage , a national key cultural relics protection unit , a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction , and a demonstration site of a national civilized scenic tourist area .
In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Temple of Heaven Park was the place where emperors offered sacrifices to the emperor and prayed for the harvest of the five grains. The Temple of Heaven is a general term for the two altars of Yuanqiu and Qigu. There are two altar walls, forming an inner and outer altar. The main building is the inner altar, the round mound altar is in the south, the Qigu altar is in the north, and the two altars are on the same north-south axis, separated by a wall. The main buildings in the Circular Mound Altar are the Circular Mound Altar, the Emperor Vault, etc. The main buildings in the Praying Valley Altar are the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, the Hall of Emperor Qiang, and the Gate of Prayer for Chinese New Year’s .
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties According to historical records, there are formal sacrifices to heaven and earth, which can be traced back to the Xia Dynasty in the second millennium BC, which was still a slave society. Ancient Chinese emperors called themselves “Son of Heaven”, and they revered heaven and earth very much.
The Temple of Heaven was built in the shape of Nanjing in the eighteenth year of Yongle in Ming Dynasty (1420). In the ninth year of Jiajing (1530), Emperor Jiajing listened to the minister’s words: “In ancient times, people worshipped the sky on Yuanqiu and the earth on Fangqiu. Those on Yuanqiu were the hills on the ground in the southern suburbs. The hills were round and high, so they resembled the sky. The hill in Zezhong in the northern suburbs, the hill goes down from the side, is like the earth.” So it was decided to divide the sacrifices between heaven and earth, building a round hill in the south of the Great Sacrificial Hall to worship the sky, and building a Fangze altar outside the Anding Gate of the northern city to worship the earth . In the thirteenth year of Jiajing (1534), Yuanqiu was renamed the Temple of Heaven, and Fang Ze was renamed the Temple of Earth. After the Great Sacrificial Hall was abandoned, it was changed to the Altar of Prayers. In the seventeenth year of Jiajing (1538), the altar of prayer for grain was abolished. In the nineteenth year, another Daxiang Hall was built on the altar, and it was completed in twenty-four years.
In the 16th year of Emperor Qianlong’s reign (1751), it was renamed the Hall of Prayer for Harvest. It has been repaired and expanded many times since then.