On July 19th 2023 , the multilingual website of the Forbidden City Palace Museum- Beijing, China, People’s Republic of Chinawas officially released at the Digital Cultural Tourism Development Forum of the 2023 China Internet Civilization Conference! The website covers five languages: English, French, Russian, Japanese, and Spanish, and will meet the needs of audiences with different languages.
The multilingual website of the Palace Museum is committed to establishing an international website that is concise, clear, easy to use for overseas audiences, and fits the construction of the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, including tour guides, information, panoramic tours, online exhibitions, collection appreciation, cultural topics, etc. Rich immersive content describing of the most detail collection that housed within the Forbidden city collection… .
Let’s read the calendar together…. Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, red silk embroidered colourful clouds, bats, gold dragon and phoenix pattern hijab. When the emperor of the Qing Dynasty got married, the queen also covered her face with a hijab just like in folk weddings. This hijab has a square shape and is made of red river silk. The word “囍” is embroidered with gold thread in the center, and patterns of bats and “卍” are embroidered on the word “囍”, which means long blessings. Golden dragon and phoenix patterns are embroidered around the word “囍”, and the word “longevity” is embroidered in gold around it. , golden “囍” character, clouds, bats, gourds, etc. Four groups of tassels in red, green, and yellow colours hang from the four corners.
去我们一起来读计划 In the Qing Dynasty, gold-plated copper with silk dots and emeralds inlaid with pearls and stones and phoenix tin. When the queens of the Qing Dynasty wore auspicious clothes, they could wear phoenix tin on their heads. Tianzi is a unique headdress for Manchu women. Its shape is high at the front and low at the back, with a dome at the top and a wide bottom. According to the number and style of decorated tin flowers, tin can be divided into half tin, full tin and phoenix tin, each of which has different usage occasions. This tin is lined with red velvet, emerald emerald dragon, phoenix, “囍”, etc., in line with the theme of the wedding…
七夕 is a festival for girls, and the ancients would hold a wealth of “begging for cleverness” activities. In addition to the well-known “threading a needle and begging for cleverness”, the custom of “worshiping the Milky Way” (also known as “worshiping double stars”) was also popular in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. A group of young women and girls make an appointment in advance at which house to worship on Qixi Festival. Most of them choose a house with a beautiful courtyard or a garden to be the host, and everyone shares the purchase of sacrifices. Everyone fasts and bathes the day before to get ready. At that time, everyone will dress up and go to the organizer’s home to take turns burning incense and worshiping. Seasonal fruits such as “flower melons” carved from watermelons and peaches are displayed on the altar. Some even put cosmetics such as rouge and fragrant powder on the altar for the Weaver Girl to enjoy. What they pray for is nothing more than to be beautiful and marry a good man; or to have a happy family and harmonious husband and wife. After the worship is over, the incense powder dedicated to Zhinu will be divided into two halves, and half will be thrown on the house for Zhinu to enjoy, and the other half will be kept for herself. They believe that they can maintain their youthful beauty by using the cosmetics shared with Zhinu.
去我们一起来读计划 Qing, Qingkuan, etc., the big wedding picture of the Queen Fengyu entering the palace. The seventh volume of Emperor Guangxu’s “Wedding Pictures”, “The Picture of Empress Fengyu Entering the Palace,” depicts the process of the wedding procession starting from the Queen’s residence to the Qianqing Palace. It includes seventeen pages of images and nine pages of illustrations. The following set of pictures are taken from this volume. . Emperors of the Qing Dynasty all married at night. During the wedding of Emperor Guangxu, Queen Fengyu “started from the eaves of the main hall of the Di Di at the third quarter of the first lunar month, arrived at East Chang’an Street at the first quarter of the first lunar month, and arrived at the East Chang’an archway at the second quarter of the first lunar month. In the second quarter of Yinchu, five minutes to Qianqing Gate, and in Yinzheng three quarters, five minutes to the eaves of Qianqing Palace.” In this picture, the Yuzhan, Longqi, Huanggai, Honglu Temple Preface, Mingzan Officer, Chief and Deputy Envoys, Ceting, and Baoting in front of the team have all passed through Duanmen and walked outside the Meridian Gate. The horses are separated Stop in front of the East and West Yanchi Towers.
Qing Dynasty, Qing Kuan, etc., the Empress Fengyu entering the palace of the big wedding picture. When Emperor Guangxu got married, the welcoming team went from the middle gates of Meridian Gate and Taihe Gate to the middle left gate, rear left gate and Qianqing gate. North Korean officials and others stopped here. According to the auspicious time predicted by Qin Tianjian, Empress Fengyu will arrive at Qianqing Gate at the second quarter of Yinchu (around 3:35 a.m.), and the eunuch of the Ministry of Internal Affairs will pick her up and carry Fengyu into Qianqing Gate. Empress Yu Yinzheng could only get out of the sedan chair at three quarters and five minutes (about 4:50 in the morning). With the help of four respectful maids, she stepped over the brazier in the Qianqing Palace, walked out from the back fan, and returned to the palace where she will live in the future to rest. , In the evening, go to Kunning Palace to perform the wedding ceremony. From the moment the queen gets off the sedan chair, these inner court etiquette cannot be understood by outsiders. Empress Dowager Cixi specially issued a decree asking painters not to paint.
Qing Dynasty, gold inlaid wooden handle and gold mention furnace. In the procession of marrying the queen, the queen Fengyu used the stove as a guide. The gold furnace held by the captain is like this. The furnace body is cylindrical, with chiseled dragon patterns on the outside, and an umbrella-shaped cover. The cover is hollowed out with gossip patterns, and a phoenix button is placed on the top. There are three animal ears with rings on the abdomen, and three elephant feet below. There are three chains on the three ears, and the chains are assembled on an eight-petal fancy board. Each petal is in the shape of a wishful cloud head, with a “囍” character inside, and a phoenix button on the top. The phoenix button is looped to connect with the hook on the handle. The handle is made of red sandalwood, with finely carved “囍” character flowers and plants, inlaid with gold chiseled phoenix head and ruyi-shaped tail.
Qing, Jin Baoping. After the queen was welcomed into the palace, she waited for the auspicious time to lay down her phoenix in front of the Qianqing Palace. The queen changed the gold Ruyi and apples she held into a gold vase, which contained two pearls, two gems, two coins, two silver coins, and gold. Two handles of Ruyi, two handles of silver, two gold ingots, two silver ingots, two sets of eight gold treasures, two sets of eight silver treasures, and a handful of gold and silver rice, symbolizing possession of all gold and silver treasures in the world. The queen embraces the golden vase and steps into the Qianqing Palace.
During the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, the emperor and the queen wore auspicious clothes in bright yellow silk embroidered with the characters “囍”, colorful clouds, bats, golden dragon patterns and female cotton dragon robes during the wedding ceremony. Jifu is a garment worn on occasions such as royal celebrations and festivals, including Jifu robes and Jifu gowns. Jifu robes are often referred to as dragon robes. The shape of the queen’s robe is a straight robe with a round collar, a large right lapel, horse hoof sleeves (with middle sleeves), and left and right hems. This robe is bright yellow in color and decorated with nine dragons all over the body, one on the chest, one on the back and one on each shoulder, two on the front and two on the hem, and one on the front. The entire robe is decorated with coral beads the size of rice grains, and the red word “囍” is embroidered with the rice bead technique to set off the festive atmosphere of the wedding….
Qing Guangxu, stone blue satin embroidered with eight groups of happy birthday word colorful cloud dragon dragon jacket clip. This is the dragon gown worn by the Empress of the Hebei ceremony, with a round neck, double breasts, flat sleeves, and a hem that opens at the back. This gown uses two to four-color halo method to embroider the word “卍” with eight groups of colorful clouds and white dragons, sea water, river cliffs and miscellaneous treasures, etc. patterns. The gown is lined with a moon-white auspicious cloud and tuanlong woven gold satin lining with the character “Shou”, and the cuffs are inlaid with a stone blue “Swastika” woven gold satin edge. The collar is decorated with a gilt-bronze chiseled buckle, and the rest is decorated with four stone-blue gold-woven satin loops.
In the Qing Dynasty, gold-plated copper with silk dots and emeralds inlaid with pearls and stones and phoenix tin. Manchu women can wear tanzi, a kind of hat ornament, when wearing auspicious clothes. This mother-of-pearl is made of rattan pieces as a frame, and is wrapped and braided with cyan silk threads to form a mesh. The upper part is circled with dotted jade and hollowed out with an ancient money pattern on the head and face, and the lower part is lined with red velvet. The front and sides of the necklace are decorated with six golden phoenixes, the tail is decorated with five golden phoenixes, and the bottom is decorated with seven golden birds. Each of them holds various strings of jewels and stone necklaces in its mouth.
Qing, silver inlaid coral collar. The collar, also known as the collar, is used to restrain the collar around the neck, and it was a dress item for empresses and concubines in the Qing Dynasty. This collar is approximately ring-shaped and has a live opening and closing type. There are three rings in total, two of which are made of silver and gold, carved with cloud and bat patterns and the characters “囍” and “寿”. Inlaid with rubies and tourmalines. Two ribbons are tied at the living mouth, and each belt is worn with red coral….
Qing Dynasty, Dongzhu Chaozhu. Emperors and empresses of the Qing Dynasty wore court beads when they wore court clothes or auspicious clothes. Each plate of Chao beads is made of 108 round beads, and every 27 beads are added with a large round bead of different materials, called “Buddha head”. One of the Buddha’s heads is connected to a gourd-shaped “Buddha” with a “back cloud” hanging down behind it. There are three strings of 10 small beads on both sides of the chao bead, which are called “memory”. The materials of Chao Zhu are East beads, coral, beeswax, jade, agate, crystal, amber, tourmaline, lapis lazuli, turquoise, etc. They are used according to different status, grade and occasion. Dongzhu is produced from the Songhua River in Northeast China, the birthplace of the Manchu people. Dongzhu Chaozhu can only be worn by the emperor, empress dowager and empress…
It is said that old tea is rich and mellow, and the longer it gets, the more fragrant it becomes. Have you ever seen “old tea” that is thousands of years old?
Many ancient teas are on display in the Meridian Gate Exhibition Hall of the “Tea World – Tea Culture Special Exhibition” that will be introduced to you soon. From the tea remains from the tombs of the Warring States Period in Shandong more than 2,400 years ago, to the physical tea leaves of the Han and Song dynasties, to the tribute teas of the Qing Dynasty with different origins and varieties, we have witnessed the development and evolution of the theory and practice of Chinese tea culture.
The tea ceremony has lasted for thousands of years, and the Buddhist tradition has always been the Buddhist tradition. For this exhibition, we specially invited Mr. Geng Baochang, deputy chairman of the Cultural Relics Appraisal Committee of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, a famous expert and a centenarian, to inscribe the exhibition “Tea Ceremony Shanghe”. Chinese people combine their thinking about life, family, country, nature, and the universe with their daily life practices to form the spiritual core of tea culture. Just like old tea, it is timeless and new.
Eastern Han Dynasty, lintel stone portrait. Chinese people have romantic feelings and unlimited imagination about the moon. There are countless poems, songs, myths and legends about the moon. Toads appeared in images about the moon in the Han Dynasty. Toads live longer, so the Jade Rabbit made the pills into the shape of a toad, and used the toad’s light to reach the middle of the moon. Portrait stone is a stone building material carved with images. The images mainly include real life, historical stories, myths and legends, decorative patterns, etc. This stone portrait was unearthed in Suide County, Shaanxi Province. The jade rabbit on the right side of the lower layer stands upright, holding a pestle in one hand and a mortar in the other, struggling to pound medicine.
From September 2 to November 30, “Tea·World—Tea Culture Special Exhibition” will be on display at the Meridian Gate and East and West Yanchi Tower exhibition halls of the Palace Museum. This exhibition is hosted by the Palace Museum and brings together representative collections from 30 archaeological and cultural institutions at home and abroad, with a total of 555 exhibits (groups). The exhibition is divided into four units: Tea Out of China, Tea Ceremony, Tea Road Thousands of Miles, and Tea Rhythm. With a distinctive theme and a grand scale, it three-dimensionally displays the Chinese tea civilization that crosses history, connects regions, and integrates nations. During the exhibition, a tea cultural and creative experience space was also opened in the Northeast Chonglou of Meridian Gate, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the charm of tea culture. China Construction Bank, as the joint promoter of the exhibition, and Longfor Group, as the public welfare supporter of the exhibition, jointly assisted the exhibition activities. This exhibition is free to visit with Palace Museum tickets. Visitors must make a real-name reservation in advance through the “Forbidden City Museum” WeChat applet
Eastern Jin Dynasty, Wang Xianzhi, Mid-Autumn Festival posts. The “Mid-Autumn Tie”, which was regarded as one of the treasures of Sanxitang by Emperor Qianlong, has 22 characters in existence: “Mid-Autumn Festival will no longer be lost, and it will be returned. It is even a matter of how to win He Qing and other troops.” It is a copy of Wang Xianzhi’s chido “December Cut to Tie”, which cannot be read in sentences. Because of the word “Mid-Autumn” in the first book, it is the name of the post, and it has become a famous post related to the Mid-Autumn Festival. Some scholars believe that this post has the meaning of Mi Fu’s brushwork in Song Dynasty, and it was not written by Wang Xianzhi himself. Regardless of whether the author is Mi Fu or Wang Xianzhi, this post retains the charm of Wang Xianzhi’s original work, and the “one-stroke calligraphy” cursive technique is brought to the extreme.
Eastern Jin Dynasty, Wang Xianzhi, Ding Guanpeng of the Mid-Autumn Festival post, the autumn color equally divides the Wushao month on the picture. After Emperor Qianlong got the “Mid-Autumn Tie”, he couldn’t put it down. He not only inscribed three postscripts successively from February to August in Qianlong Bingyin (1746), but also ordered the court painter Ding Guanpeng to paint at the end of the scroll. In the picture above the moon, Wang Xianzhi is under the sycamore tree, looking up at the full moon in the Mid-Autumn Festival, as if he wants to write a book. To a certain extent, this picture reproduces the scene of Wang Xianzhi’s “Mid-Autumn Post” in the form of painting. It can be seen that Emperor Qianlong hoped to express his admiration for Wang Xianzhi and his love for “Mid-Autumn Post” by means of accompanying pictures.
Tang, a bronze moon palace pattern mirror. Chang’e Flying to the Moon is a beautiful and sad fairy tale. It is beautiful because the osmanthus trees are whirling, the moon is bright, and the fairy Chang’e is dancing gracefully, forming a romantic picture; it is sad because the Guanghan Palace is cold and lonely, which always arouses people’s laments and sentiments, “Chang’e should regret stealing.” The elixir, Bihaiqingtian, heart every night.” This moon palace pattern mirror is centered on the osmanthus tree, under the tree is a toad,
Song, bronze Changchun mirror. The outer edge of the bronze mirror is octagonal. From the outside to the inside, there are eight trigrams, seven stars, mirror inscriptions and the scene of a jade rabbit pounding medicine in front of Guanghan Palace. The Bagua is the innate Fuxi direction, and the Qian Gua is in the southeast. The seven stars and the eight trigrams are scattered and separated, and the inscription on the mirror reads: “Seven stars shine brightly through the three worlds, and a spiritual light shines for thousands of years. Changchun mirror.” Judging from the inscription and pattern on the mirror, this is a bronze mirror related to Taoism related….
Images and visuals are from – Forbidden City –Palace Museum Beijing- China –People’s Republic of China…..