In this year’s 2020, the second decade from the turn of the century in Beijing the Capital of China also the People’s Republic of China, in which is also the year of the rat, marking its six hundred years anniversary of the Forbidden city that marks the transitional point of in between the middle of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) transitionally from Nanjing to Beijing towards the Qing Dynasty (1636-1644-1911) …. The Imperial Palace seen so many countless seasonally transitional equinoxes but further its six hundred years is iconic, but it’s five hundred ninety nine years it marks it Autumn Equinox…. In which it only took twelve years to build the same of the Daming Palace of The Tang Dynasty Xian Imperial Capital only it was least twenty times larger……
On September 10, 2020, the exhibition “Danchen Eternal-The Forbidden City was built six hundred years ago” officially opened at the Meridian Gate of the Palace Museum. Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Hu Heping, Member of the Party Leadership Group of the Ministry and Director of the National Cultural Heritage Administration Liu Yuzhu, Member of the Party Leadership Group of the Ministry and President of the Palace Museum Wang Xudong, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of China Construction Bank Corporation Tian Guoli, Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group The CEO Zhang Jianqiu attended the opening ceremony. Nanjing Museum, Fengyang County Museum, Beijing Institute of Cultural Relics, Suzhou Imperial Kiln and BRIC Museum, National Library of China, National Museum of China, China’s First Historical Archives, China’s Second The historical archives, the Chinese Cultural Heritage Research Institute, the School of Architecture of Tianjin University, the Peking University Library, the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University, the Shanghai Library and other cultural institutions, university representatives, and experts and scholars who supported the exhibition attended the opening ceremony. Du Haijiang, Secretary of the Party Committee and Vice President of the Palace Museum, presided over.
In his speech, Hu Heping mentioned that the Forbidden City is a cultural treasure of the Chinese nation, a master of ancient Chinese palace architecture, a museum with the largest collection of cultural relics in China, and a world-famous heritage and tourist destination. This exhibition focuses on the 600-year architectural, artistic and cultural achievements of the Forbidden City and the recent work of the Palace Museum. It not only gives people the opportunity to understand the cultural value of the Forbidden City from the dual perspectives of heritage sites and museums, but also meets the needs of people in the context of normalized epidemic prevention and control. Cultural needs and willingness to travel. The Palace Museum must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, based on its own positioning, carry forward the past, and continuously enhance the sense of responsibility and mission to inherit civilization for mankind, make greater efforts to protect and inherit the excellent traditional Chinese culture, and keep the old ancestors. The Forbidden City and precious cultural relics in China are well preserved, and the spiritual and cultural values contained in the buildings and cultural relics are studied and explained well, and Chinese stories are well told, making new and greater contributions to strengthening cultural confidence and strengthening the country’s cultural soft power.
Wang Xudong said that 2020 is not only the 600 years since the completion of the Forbidden City, but also the 95th anniversary of the establishment of the Palace Museum. The Forbidden City has organized more than 40 series of commemorative activities for this purpose. The exhibition “Dan Chen Eternal-The Six Hundred Years of the Forbidden City” is the most important exhibition. Thanks to all social forces for their care and support for the protection of the Forbidden City’s heritage. The Forbidden City will continue to be down-to-earth, strengthen museum management and cultural heritage protection research, maintain integrity and innovate, and inherit the excellent Chinese traditional culture.
The Forbidden City was built in the fourth year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1406) and the eighteenth year of Yongle (1420). The architecture of the Forbidden City inherits the regulations of the Tang and Song dynasties and is organically integrated with the city’s functions and landscape. It is a concentrated expression of the ideas of ancient Chinese city construction and palace construction. In the six hundred years of inheritance, the Chinese cultural ideology of “the relationship between heaven and man” and “combination of rituals and music” has been consistently carried forward. It not only reflects the strong ethnic integration, but also has the cultural characteristics of Western learning. A physical example of a “big” cultural mindset is a well-deserved “city of great success” for the Chinese nation.
Palace architecture is the most brilliant chapter in the history of ancient Chinese architecture, and has always been the focus of ancient Chinese construction. The Forbidden City is a master of the development of palace architecture. It not only represents the highest level of architectural technology and art at that time, but its magnificent buildings have also become a symbol of the sacred and solemn state of the state.
2020 coincides with the 600th anniversary of the completion of the Forbidden City. The Palace Museum will launch this exhibition. It will introduce the planning, layout, architecture, court life, and the general situation of the construction and protection of the Forbidden City from three themes and 18 historical nodes, for the convenience of the audience Understand the historical culture that runs through the “time” and “emptiness” of the Forbidden City, feel the highest state of the perfect combination of palace architectural technology and art, and feel the infinite charm of Chinese excellent traditional culture.
This exhibition uses three exhibition halls in the Wumen area: Xiyanchi Building, Main Building and Dongyanchi Building. The tour enters from the West Horse Road at Meridian Gate and leaves from the East Horse Road. The exhibition line is 256 meters in length and exhibits more than 450 cultural relics and historical photos. The exhibition closely adheres to the theme of “time”, with the changing scenes of the four seasons as the background, making the audience feel the beauty of the changing scenes of the Forbidden City in different seasons while visiting the exhibition.
The theme of the Xiyanchi Building exhibition hall is “the palace and city as one”. The space color is beige, highlighting the three-dimensional effect of stone components in the Ming Dynasty. With a large number of graphic illustrations and calligraphy and painting exhibits, it describes the construction concept and construction engineering skills of the palace city in the Ming Dynasty. Through the three historical nodes of “1406·Yongleying Beijing”, “1420·Forbidden City completion”, and “1535·Qin’an Temple Fengdao”, the prologue and completion of the construction of the Beijing Imperial Palace and the changes in the layout of the Forbidden City in the Ming Dynasty are described.
The theme of the Wumen main building exhibition hall is “Tolerance is great”, and the color of the space is red, which highlights the magnificence and exquisite decoration of the palace buildings and inner eaves of the Forbidden City in the Qing Dynasty. Passed “1655·Reconstruction of Kunning Palace”, “1695·Reconstruction of Supreme Harmony Hall”, “1723·Incorporated in the Hall of Nourishment of the Heart”, “1738·Changed Ganxi Five Institutes”, “1776·Building of Ningshou Palace”, “1859 The 8 historical nodes of “Connecting to Changchun Palace”, “1902·Reconstruction of Wuying Hall”, “1909·Exploring Lingzhao Xuan”, telling the story of the ten emperors of the Qing Dynasty in order to meet the needs of their governance, sleeping and living Rebuild or rebuild on the basis of changing the overall layout to form the basic layout of the Forbidden City today. The cultural relics on display reflect the integration of ancient Chinese multi-ethnic culture and the wisdom of the working people.
The theme of the exhibition hall of the East Yanchi Building is “Endless Life”, and the color of the space is green, which is intended to express the vibrant and prosperous development of the Palace Museum after its establishment. Passed “1914·The First Opening of the Forbidden City”, “1925·Building Museum”, “1933·Wartime Antiquities”, “1949·Renovation Team”, “1961·First Recommended National Protection”, “1987·Treasure List” The seven historical nodes of “World Heritage” and “2002 · Overhauled Centenary” tell about the south relocation of the Forbidden City cultural relics and the surveying and mapping of the central axis that occurred after the former palace became a museum. A large number of old photographs and images, historical archives and physical exhibits show the achievements and development process of the Palace Museum in various aspects since its establishment.
This time, the Wumen Exhibition Hall is equivalent to visiting the “Preface” Hall of the Forbidden City. It is hoped that through the exhibition, the audience will have a deeper and comprehensive understanding of the excellent traditional Chinese culture carried by the Forbidden City and the Forbidden City today, and jointly witness the arrival of a new era belonging to the Chinese nation. .
The exhibition was strongly supported by China Construction Bank Corporation and Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd. At the opening ceremony, Tian Guoli, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of China Construction Bank Corporation, and Zhang Jianqiu, Executive President of Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd. delivered speeches respectively. China Construction Bank Co., Ltd. is the joint promotion unit of this exhibition. At the same time, it has cooperated with the Palace Museum to launch the “Forbidden City Rui Beast” precious metal cultural and creative products; Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd. is the special support unit of this exhibition and cooperates with The Palace Museum has cooperated to launch a golden milk product with special packaging design using the architectural elements of the Forbidden City.
The exhibition will officially open to the public on September 10, 2020, and will end on November 15, 2020. Tickets for this exhibition will not be sold separately. You can visit the exhibition free of charge after entering the museum with a ticket to the Palace Museum.