On this week on July 2022 let’s take a look at the interesting rooftops in the Forbidden City this week in its intriguiness… it was hot humid very warmingly Saturday now it’s the Summery Days of , the summery days are gradually approaching, the weather is sultry, everyone must pay attention to heatstroke prevention and cooling by keeping Hydrated cool water.. ~
Let’s go back to the Forbidden City this week and take a look at the interesting roofs in the Forbidden City~
Speaking of the various palaces, halls and halls, pavilions and corridors in the Forbidden City, from the outside, these roofs look very similar, almost all of them are glazed tiles. But a closer look reveals that these roofs actually come in a variety of different types. For example, the main palace used by the emperor not only has a tall base and a magnificent shape, but also has special decorations on the roof, while other houses are not only small in size, but also not too complicated in roof decoration. The side halls and the bungalows will be different according to the status of the main palace, and the roof style will also be different. So today, let’s take a look at the various roofs in the Forbidden City with you~
The first one is the “Dianding Roof”. Those who are familiar with the architecture of the Forbidden City should be familiar with this roof. It is suitable for rectangular buildings. Since the face width is longer than the depth, the front and rear slopes of the roof become positive ridges. In the Qing Dynasty The “Engineering Practice” called it “big ridge”. The left and right slopes intersect with the front and rear slopes to form four vertical ridges, so the single-ridged temple is also called the “Five-ridged Hall” of the four major slopes. In addition, there are two layers of eaves called “double eaves hall”. The top of the double-eave roof is the most noble form of roof style. The Hall of Supreme Harmony that everyone is most familiar with is the roof of the double-eave roof.
Next is “hard top and hanging top”. The hard top is on the two ends of the base of the house foundation. Build the gable to the top, and build the purlin into the gable to seal it, so that four vertical ridges and two slopes will be formed. roof. Hanging tops (also known as “pick tops”), the roof form is generally the same as the hard tops, but also has a positive ridge, four vertical ridges and two slopes. The difference between the two roofs is that the purlins of the roofs extend beyond the gables, and the wind panels are nailed along the two purlin heads to protect the purlins from decay and also protect the gables. This design is really very delicate, considering the appearance and protection.
The Yunguang Building is in the shape of a curved ruler, leaning against the palace wall in the west, folded from north to south and then eastward. There are two floors up and down. The north side of the upper roof is the Xieshan Peak, and the east side is the Hard Peak.
There is also a roof design that combines the top of the temple and the top of the hanging mountain, that is, the “Xieshan Peak”. On the upper part of the roof, the four vertical ridges at both ends of the main ridge are similar to those on the top of the hanging mountain. The lower part of the roof has four ridges plus the main ridge, a total of nine ridges, so it is also called “Nine Ridges Hall”. There are also single eaves and double eaves on Xieshan Peak. In addition to the Xieshan Peak, there is also a “Zanjiao”, which is generally used for square plane buildings, and its form is divided into four-corner Zanjiao and round Zanjiao. The four-cornered pointed roof is divided into four equal parts, with four vertical ridges on top of the Anbaoding. The round and pointed roof has no ridges, and the roof tiles gradually shrink from bottom to top, which is called “bamboo roof”. Seeing this, the editor thinks that the roof really contains a lot of interesting little knowledge. When you come to visit, you might as well take a look at which roofs are in the Forbidden City~