In this year’s 2020, the second decade from the turn of the century in Beijing the Capital of China also the People’s Republic of China, in which is also the year of the rat, marking its six hundred years anniversary of the Forbidden city that marks the transitional point of in between the middle of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) transitionally from Nanjing to Beijing towards the Qing Dynasty (1636-1644-1911) …. The Imperial Palace seen so many countless seasonally transitional equinoxes but further its six hundred years is iconic, but it’s five hundred ninety nine years it marks it Autumn Equinox…. In which it only took twelve years to build the same of the Daming Palace of The Tang Dynasty Xian Imperial Capital only it was least twenty times larger……

There is a kind of “house-style” gates in the Forbidden City, such as Taihe Gate, Qianqing Gate, Ningshou Gate, Yangxing Gate, etc. They are all independent buildings. It is called the “door”. People often mistakenly believe that it is the Hall of Supreme Harmony because it is built like a hall.

 

Take the Gate of Supreme Harmony as an example. It is located on the central axis of the Forbidden City and is the front guide of the Three Great Halls of the Outer Dynasty. The Taihe Gate has an important geographical location, and its architecture is extremely sophisticated. It faces south and has nine rooms wide and four rooms deep (including the front and back corridors). It has double eaves on the top of the mountain and yellow glazed tiles. The building area is more than 1,300 square meters. Its structure is also based on the combination of three major components of ancient architecture-platform base, wooden structure and roof. Many decorations of the Gate of Supreme Harmony are similar to those of the Hall of Supreme Harmony, such as gilt ornaments, tortoise-back brocade and glazed inner wall skirts, and seal paintings, carved stone imperial roads, etc., which suffice to explain the importance of the construction of this type of 26 gates. The particularity in front of the temple.


As the most majestic and tallest palace gate in the Forbidden City, the Gate of Supreme Harmony has an important function. The Ming Dynasty stipulated that every day at dawn, civil and military officials went to Fengtianmen (Taihemen, Ming Fengtianmen) in the early dynasty. The emperor personally accepted courtesy and performances, issued edicts, and handled political affairs. Historically, it was called “Yumen listen to politics.” After the Qing Dynasty entered the Pass, the first emperor Fulin entered the Forbidden City. In September of the first year of Shunzhi (1644), he promulgated an amnesty at Taihemen. The emperors of the early Qing Dynasty also received court and banquets at Taihemen. Later, the “Imperial Gate Tingzheng” was moved to the Qianqing Gate of the Hou San Gong…..

 紫禁城中有一种“屋宇式”大门,像太和门、乾清门、宁寿门、养性门,等等,它们都是一座座独立的建筑,也被称作“门”。 经常有人因为太和门盖得像个大殿,而误认为那就是太和殿。

以太和门为例,它位于紫禁城的中轴线上,是外朝三大殿 的前引。太和门地理位置冲要,建筑极为考究,它坐南朝北、 面阔九间、进深四间(包括前后廊), 重檐歇山顶,黄色琉璃 瓦,建筑面积达一千三百多平方米,其构造也是依照古代建 筑的三大组成部分——台基、木构与屋顶组合而成。太和门 的许多装饰和太和殿的装饰体制相似,如鎏金饰件、龟背锦 琉璃内墙裙、和玺彩绘、雕石御路,等等,足以说明这类大26门修建在重要殿宇前面的特殊性。

作为紫禁城中最雄伟、最高大的一座宫门,太和门有着重要的功用。明朝规定,每天拂晓,文武官员到奉天门(太和 门,明称奉天门)早朝,皇帝亲自接受臣下朝拜和上奏,颁 发诏令,处理政事,历史上称之为“御门听政”。 清朝入关后 第一个皇帝福临进入紫禁城后,于顺治元年(1644 年)九月 即在太和门颁布大赦令,清初的皇帝也曾在太和门受朝、赐宴,只是后来将“御门听政”移至后三宫的乾清门去了。

Imagines credit are of the Forbidden city –Imperial Palace –Beijing – China- People’s Republic of China

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